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Necrotizing fasciitis following a motor vehicle accident with Candida species as the sole organisms.


Necrotizing soft-tissue infections exclusively due to Candida species are rare and not usually considered in the differential diagnosis of this devastating condition. When documented previously, Candida species are generally proposed to be a saprophytic component of multibacterial synergistic infection often associated with streptococcal species. We report a case of a 51-year-old man who developed necrotizing fasciitis secondary to Candida infection following a motor vehicle accident. His clinical presentation was very similar to that of clostridial gas gangrene. The only organisms isolated from tissue culture were Candida albicans and Candida tropicalis. Histopathology confirmed yeast forms and pseudohyphae within the debrided tissue specimens. No bacteria were identified on any of the wound swabs or tissue specimens. Our report is the first that reveals Candida as the sole identifiable cause for necrotizing fasciitis following trauma. Candida should be considered in the differential diagnosis of causative organisms for necrotizing fasciitis and infective myonecrosis.

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