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Synthesis and Properties of Quinoxaline-Containing Benzoxazines and Polybenzoxazines


The object of this work is to prepare quinoxaline-based benzoxazines and evaluate thermal properties of their thermosets. For this object, 4,4'-(quinoxaline-2,3-diyl)diphenol (QDP)/furfurylamine-based benzoxazine (QDP-fu) and 4,4',4″,4‴-([6,6'-biquinoxaline]-2,2',3,3'-tetrayl)tetraphenol (BQTP)/furfurylamine-based benzoxazine (BQTP-fu) were prepared. The structures of QDP-fu and BQTP-fu were successfully confirmed by FTIR and 1H and 13C NMR spectra. We studied the curing behavior of QDP-fu and BQTP-fu and thermal properties of their thermosets. According to DSC thermograms, QDP-fu and BQTP-fu have the attractive onset exothermic temperatures of 181 and 186 °C, respectively. The onset temperature is approximately 45 °C lower than that of a bisphenol A/furfurylamine-based benzoxazines. According to DMA TMA and TGA thermograms, the thermoset of BQTP-fu shows impressive thermal properties, with a T g value of 418 °C, a coefficient of thermal expansion of 39 ppm/°C, a 5% decomposition temperature of 430 °C, and a char yield of 72%.

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