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Initial measurements of the DIII-D off-axis neutral beams


Two of the eight neutral-beam sources on the DIII-D tokamak were modified to allow injection below the midplane. To validate off-axis beam performance, the various beams are injected sequentially into low-power plasmas that are optimized for accurate neutron, neutral-particle, fast-ion D-alpha and fast-ion pressure measurements. As expected, the fast-ion profile is broader with off-axis injection than with on-axis injection. The driven toroidal rotation also broadens with off-axis injection and the central fast-ion density is several times smaller. The number of trapped ions in the core depends sensitively on the pitch of the magnetic field lines. Comparisons with classical predictions agree with the measurements for some diagnostics but are discrepant for others. © 2012 IAEA, Vienna.

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