Nonexistence of a Taylor expansion in time due to cusps
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.88.042514
In the usual treatment of electronic structure, all matter has cusps in the electronic density at nuclei. Cusps can produce nonanalytic behavior in time, even in response to perturbations that are time analytic. We analyze these nonanalyticities in a simple case from many perspectives. We describe a method, the s expansion, that can be used in several such cases and illustrate it with a variety of examples. These include both the sudden appearance of electric fields and disappearance of nuclei in both one and three dimensions. When successful, the s expansion yields the dominant short-time behavior, no matter how strong the external electric field, but agrees with linear-response theory in the weak limit. We discuss the relevance of these results to time-dependent density functional theory. © 2013 American Physical Society.