Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Intense vortex high-order harmonics generated from laser-ablated plume
- Author(s): Singh, M
- Fareed, MA
- Laramée, A
- Isgandarov, E
- Ozaki, T
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1063/1.5131289
© 2019 Author(s). In this study, we demonstrate intense extreme-ultraviolet optical vortices generated using laser-ablation plume as the nonlinear medium. We used two types of plumes that are known to generate intense high-order harmonics for driving lasers with Gaussian beam profiles, but through different mechanisms, namely, carbon (diatomic carbon molecules) and tin (resonance with the autoionizing state). We find that the harmonic fluxes for diatomic carbon molecules are similar for Gaussian and vortex driving fields. However, for harmonics from the autoionizing state of tin (∼26.3 eV), the enhancement factor of the resonant harmonic intensity decreases by ∼50% when using the vortex driving field. The intense extreme-ultraviolet optical vortices demonstrated in this study will be useful for many applications including a material characterization technique known as optical angular momentum dichroism as well as the spectroscopy of spin-forbidden electronic transitions.