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Necrotizing sialometaplasia: a case report of a non-ulcerated histopathological presentation

  • Author(s): Néri, Júlia dos Santos Vianna
  • Silva, Viviane Palmeira da
  • Ramalho, Luciana Maria Pedreira
  • de Castro, Laís Pereira
  • Santos, Jean Nunes dos
  • et al.
Creative Commons 'BY-NC-ND' version 4.0 license
Abstract

A 27-year-old woman presented with the chief complaint of severe pain in the palate region, which had been present for two months. Upon examination, she was found to have a firm, non-ulcerated nodule measuring about 2.5cm at the palatal junction. Incisional biopsy was recommended because the clinical differential diagnosis was mucoepidermoid carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma. Anatomopathological examination revealed squamous metaplasia of the salivary gland ducts with preservation of the lobular architecture. Immunohistochemistry showed metaplastic ducts with low reactivity for p53 and Ki67, as well as positivity for CK AE1/AE3, CK7, p63, S-100, and SMA. The final diagnosis was necrotizing sialometaplasia. No treatment is required for this disease. Thirty-nine days after biopsy, total remission was observed with no signs of relapse after two years.

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