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Mechanical Characteristics Analysis and Structural Optimization of Key Component of Self-Moving Temporary Support


In order to prevent a roof fall accident of a coal mine roadway mining face, temporary support must be provided before the permanent support of the roadway. At present, the commonly used forepoling bar support has poor reliability and low efficiency, and other machine-mounted or self-moving temporary supports are also difficult to use widely due to the complex geological conditions and limited working space at the heading face. On the basis of the mechanical characteristics analysis and numerical simulation of the wall rock support system, we propose a temporary support scheme that can adapt to the uneven roof of the roadway and the complex geological conditions on site, and that can ensure the cooperative operation of multiple equipment on site. A self-moving temporary support (SmTS) is designed, and its mechanical characteristics are analyzed to meet the mechanical requirements of the wall rock support system on the mining face. The multiobjective optimization of the main beam structure based on response surface methodology (RSM) is carried out to eliminate the design redundancy on the premise of meeting the support requirements of the main beam. Our research provides a novel method and corresponding equipment for the temporary support of a mining face. Applications of the proposed approach in the 7900 mining area of a mine proves the effectiveness of the method and equipment.

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