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Subjective and objective binge eating in relation to eating disorder symptomatology, negative affect, and personality dimensions.

  • Author(s): Brownstone, Lisa M
  • Bardone-Cone, Anna M
  • Fitzsimmons-Craft, Ellen E
  • Printz, Katherine S
  • Le Grange, Daniel
  • Mitchell, James E
  • Crow, Scott J
  • Peterson, Carol B
  • Crosby, Ross D
  • Klein, Marjorie H
  • Wonderlich, Stephen A
  • Joiner, Thomas E
  • et al.

Published Web Location

https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.22066
Abstract

Objective

The current study explored the clinical meaningfulness of distinguishing subjective (SBE) from objective binge eating (OBE) among individuals with threshold/subthreshold bulimia nervosa (BN). We examined relations between OBEs and SBEs and eating disorder symptoms, negative affect, and personality dimensions using both a group comparison and a continuous approach.

Method

Participants were 204 adult females meeting criteria for threshold/subthreshold BN who completed questionnaires related to disordered eating, affect, and personality.

Results

Group comparisons indicated that SBE and OBE groups did not significantly differ on eating disorder pathology or negative affect, but did differ on two personality dimensions (cognitive distortion and attentional impulsivity). Using the continuous approach, we found that frequencies of SBEs (not OBEs) accounted for unique variance in weight/shape concern, diuretic use frequency, depressive symptoms, anxiety, social avoidance, insecure attachment, and cognitive distortion.

Discussion

SBEs in the context of BN may indicate broader areas of psychopathology.

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