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Ambient aromatic hydrocarbon measurements at Welgegund, South Africa

  • Author(s): Jaars, K
  • Beukes, JP
  • Van Zyl, PG
  • Venter, AD
  • Josipovic, M
  • Pienaar, JJ
  • Vakkari, V
  • Aaltonen, H
  • Laakso, H
  • Kulmala, M
  • Tiitta, P
  • Guenther, A
  • Hellén, H
  • Laakso, L
  • Hakola, H
  • et al.
Abstract

Aromatic hydrocarbons are associated with direct adverse human health effects and can have negative impacts on ecosystems due to their toxicity, as well as indirect negative effects through the formation of tropospheric ozone and secondary organic aerosol, which affect human health, crop production and regional climate. Measurements of aromatic hydrocarbons were conducted at the Welgegund measurement station (South Africa), which is considered to be a regionally representative background site. However, the site is occasionally impacted by plumes from major anthropogenic source regions in the interior of South Africa, which include the western Bushveld Igneous Complex (e.g. platinum, base metal and ferrochrome smelters), the eastern Bushveld Igneous Complex (platinum and ferrochrome smelters), the Johannesburg-Pretoria metropolitan conurbation (> 10 million people), the Vaal Triangle (e.g. petrochemical and pyrometallurgical industries), the Mpumalanga Highveld. © 2014 Author(s).

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