Skip to main content
Open Access Publications from the University of California


UCLA Previously Published Works bannerUCLA

Anatomy of a negative feedback loop: the case of IκBα


The magnitude, duration and oscillation of cellular signalling pathway responses are often limited by negative feedback loops, defined as an 'activator-induced inhibitor' regulatory motif. Within the NFκB signalling pathway, a key negative feedback regulator is IκBα. We show here that, contrary to current understanding, NFκB-inducible expression is not sufficient for providing effective negative feedback. We then employ computational simulations of NFκB signalling to identify IκBα molecular properties that are critical for proper negative feedback control and test the resulting predictions in biochemical and single-cell live-imaging studies. We identified nuclear import and nuclear export of IκBα and the IκBα-NFκB complex, as well as the free IκBα half-life, as key determinants of post-induction repression of NFκB and the potential for subsequent reactivation. Our work emphasizes that negative feedback is an emergent systems property determined by multiple molecular and biophysical properties in addition to the required 'activator-induced inhibitor' relationship.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
For improved accessibility of PDF content, download the file to your device.
Current View