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Incidence rate, clinical correlates, and outcomes of AKI in patients admitted to a comprehensive cancer center.


Background and objectives

Incidence of AKI in hospitalized patients with cancer is increasing, but reports are scant. The objective of this study was to determine incidence rate, clinical correlates, and outcomes of AKI in patients admitted to a cancer center.

Design, setting, participants, & measurements

Cross-sectional analysis of prospectively collected data on 3558 patients admitted to the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center over 3 months in 2006.


Using modified RIFLE (Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss, ESRD) criteria, 12% of patients admitted to the hospital had AKI, with severity in the Risk, Injury, and Failure categories of 68%, 21%, and 11%, respectively. AKI occurred in 45% of patients during the first 2 days and in 55% thereafter. Dialysis was required in 4% of patients and nephrology consultation in 10%. In the multivariate model, the odds ratio (OR) for developing AKI was significantly higher for diabetes (OR, 1.89; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.51-2.36), chemotherapy (OR, 1.61; 95% CI, 1.26-2.05), intravenous contrast (OR, 4.55; 95% CI, 3.51-5.89), hyponatremia (OR, 1.97; 95% CI, 1.57-2.47), and antibiotics (OR, 1.52; 95% CI, 1.15-2.02). In patients with AKI, length of stay (100%), cost (106%), and odds for mortality (4.7-fold) were significantly greater.


The rate of AKI in patients admitted to a comprehensive cancer center was higher than the rate in most noncancer settings; was correlated significantly with diabetes, hyponatremia, intravenous contrast, chemotherapy, and antibiotics; and was associated with poorer clinical outcomes. AKI developed in many patients after admission. Studies are warranted to determine whether proactive measures may limit AKI and improve outcomes.

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