Skip to main content
eScholarship
Open Access Publications from the University of California

Feasibility Study of a Mobile Health Intervention for Older Adults on Oral Anticoagulation Therapy.

  • Author(s): Lee, Jung-Ah
  • Evangelista, Lorraine S
  • Moore, Alison A
  • Juth, Vanessa
  • Guo, Yuqing
  • Gago-Masague, Sergio
  • Lem, Carolyn G
  • Nguyen, Michelle
  • Khatibi, Parmis
  • Baje, Mark
  • Amin, Alpesh N
  • et al.
Abstract

Background: Oral anticoagulation treatment (OAT) such as warfarin therapy is recommended for older adults with atrial fibrillation, heart failure, or who are at risk for venous thromboembolism. Despite its proven benefits, older adults report both dissatisfaction with OAT and reduced quality of life that can potentially lead to low adherence to OAT and decreased treatment efficacy. Objective: To test the feasibility of Mobile Applications for Seniors to enhance Safe anticoagulation therapy (MASS), a mobile-based health technology intervention designed to promote independence and self-care. Methods: This pilot study used a single-arm experimental pre-post design to test the feasibility of a 3-month intervention using MASS in 18 older adults (male: n = 14; White: n = 9; Hispanic: n = 7; Other: n = 2; M age = 67). MASS was available in English or Spanish. Participants completed surveys about their OAT knowledge, attitudes, quality of life with OAT, and adherence at baseline and at a 3-month follow-up. Satisfaction with the MASS intervention was also assessed at follow-up. Results: Anticoagulation knowledge significantly improved from baseline to follow-up (Mbase = 12.5 ± 5.51, Mfollow-up = 14.78 ± 3.93, p = .007). Other outcomes were not different, pre- and post-tests. Participants reported they were generally satisfied with MASS, its ease of use and its usefulness. Conclusion: The results showed use of MASS improved older adults' knowledge of OAT. Using mHealth apps may enhance self-care among older adults with chronic conditions who are also taking oral anticoagulants.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
Current View