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Relationship of unilateral total hip arthroplasty (THA) to contralateral and ipsilateral knee joint degeneration - a longitudinal 3T MRI study from the Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI)

  • Author(s): Jungmann, PM
  • Nevitt, MC
  • Baum, T
  • Liebl, H
  • Nardo, L
  • Liu, F
  • Lane, NE
  • McCulloch, CE
  • Link, TM
  • et al.

Objective: To evaluate the association of prevalent unilateral total hip arthroplasty (THA) with worsening of degenerative knee abnormalities and clinical outcomes in the ipsilateral and contralateral knee. Methods: Both knees of 30 individuals in the Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI) with unilateral THA (n = 14 left, n = 16 right) at baseline were assessed at baseline and at 4-year follow-up for Whole-organ MR Imaging Scores (WORMS), cartilage T relaxation times (only available for right knees), Western Ontario and McMasters Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) scores and upper leg isometric strength. Right knees of 30 individuals without THA were analyzed as controls. Contralateral knees were compared to ipsilateral knees with paired t-tests and to control knees with multivariate regression analysis adjusting for covariates. Results: In paired analyses, compared to ipsilateral knees, contralateral knees had higher WORMS total (P = 0.008) and cartilage scores (P = 0.007) at baseline. Over 4 years contralateral knees worsened more on WORMS total score (P = 0.008). Cartilage T values were higher in knees contralateral to the THA (baseline, P = 0.02; follow-up, P < 0.001). Contralateral knees had greater declines in knee extension strength (P = 0.04) and had a trend for greater worsening in WOMAC pain, stiffness, function and total scores (P = 0.04-0.09). Similar results were found comparing contralateral knees with control knees in multivariate regression models. Conclusions: Prevalent unilateral THA is associated with an greater progression of degenerative findings for the knee contralateral to THA. 2 2

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