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Open Access Publications from the University of California

A 94-GHz extremely thin metasurface-based BiCMOS on-chip antenna

  • Author(s): Pan, S
  • Caster, F
  • Heydari, P
  • Capolino, F
  • et al.

© 2014 IEEE. A novel fully on-chip antenna based on a metasurface fabricated in a 180-nm BiCMOS process is presented. Inspired by the concept of high impedance surface (HIS), this metasurface is not used as a reflector below an antenna as commonly done. Instead, it is used as a radiator by itself. The extremely thin metasurface is composed of a patterned top two metal layers and the ground plane placed in the lowest metal layer in the process. The ground plane on the lowest metal layer of the process provides a solid shielding from the substrate and other possible circuitries. The fundamental of the antenna radiation and design are described. The measured antenna shows 2.5 dBi peak broadside gain with 8-GHz 3-dB gain bandwidth and an impedance bandwidth larger than 10 GHz. In its class of broadside radiating fully on-chip antennas, with a ground plane on the lower metal layer of the process, and without additional fabrication processing, this structure achieves the widest impedance bandwidth at W-band and one of the highest gain and gain bandwidth. It is noteworthy that this is achieved with an extremely thin antenna substrate thickness and a shielding ground plane.

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