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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Fracture toughness of a metal-organic framework glass.

  • Author(s): To, Theany
  • Sørensen, Søren S
  • Stepniewska, Malwina
  • Qiao, Ang
  • Jensen, Lars R
  • Bauchy, Mathieu
  • Yue, Yuanzheng
  • Smedskjaer, Morten M
  • et al.

Metal-organic framework glasses feature unique thermal, structural, and chemical properties compared to traditional metallic, organic, and oxide glasses. So far, there is a lack of knowledge of their mechanical properties, especially toughness and strength, owing to the challenge in preparing large bulk glass samples for mechanical testing. However, a recently developed melting method enables fabrication of large bulk glass samples (>25 mm3) from zeolitic imidazolate frameworks. Here, fracture toughness (KIc) of a representative glass, namely ZIF-62 glass (Zn(C3H3N2)1.75(C7H5N2)0.25), is measured using single-edge precracked beam method and simulated using reactive molecular dynamics. KIc is determined to be ~0.1 MPa m0.5, which is even lower than that of brittle oxide glasses due to the preferential breakage of the weak coordinative bonds (Zn-N). The glass is found to exhibit an anomalous brittle-to-ductile transition behavior, considering its low fracture surface energy despite similar Poisson's ratio to that of many ductile metallic and organic glasses.

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