THE KINEMATICS of C IV in STAR-FORMING GALAXIES at z ∼ 1.2
- Author(s): Du, X
- Shapley, AE
- Martin, CL
- Coil, AL
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://arxiv.org/abs/1604.03945v2
We present the first statistical sample of rest-frame far-UV spectra of star-forming galaxies at z ∼ 1. These spectra are unique in that they cover the high-ionization C iv λλ1548, 1550 doublet. We also detect low-ionization features such as Si ii λ1526, Fe ii λ1608, Al ii λ1670, Ni ii λλ1741, 1751, and Si ii λ1808, and intermediate-ionization features from Al iii λλ1854, 1862. Comparing the properties of absorption lines of lower- and higher-ionization states provides a window into the multiphase nature of circumgalactic gas. Our sample is drawn from the DEEP2 survey and spans the redshift range 1.01 ≤ z ≤ 1.35 (〈z〉 = 1.25). By isolating the interstellar C iv absorption from the stellar P Cygni wind profile, we find that 69% of the C iv profiles are blueshifted with respect to the systemic velocity. Furthermore, C iv shows a small but significant blueshift relative to Fe ii (offset of the best-fit linear regression -76 ± 26 km s ). At the same time, the C iv blueshift is on average comparable to that of Mg ii λλ2796, 2803. At this point, in explaining the larger blueshift of C iv absorption at the ∼3σ level, we cannot distinguish between the faster motion of highly ionized gas relative to gas traced by Fe ii and filling in on the red side from resonant C iv emission. We investigate how far-UV interstellar absorption kinematics correlate with other galaxy properties using stacked spectra. These stacking results show a direct link between C iv absorption and the current star formation rate, though we only observe small velocity differences among different ionization states tracing the outflowing interstellar medium. -1