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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Esophagopulmonary fistula causing pulmonary arterial pseudoaneurysms and massive hemoptysis.

  • Author(s): Kord, Ali
  • James, Edleda
  • Herren, Josi
  • Gaba, Ron C
  • Lokken, R Peter
  • et al.

An esophagopulmonary fistula (EPF) may occur in patients with esophageal carcinoma and result in pulmonary abscess formation. Lung abscesses may in turn cause pulmonary artery (PA) pseudoaneurysms and life-threatening hemoptysis. We report a 59-year-old man with past medical history of metastatic distal esophageal adenocarcinoma who presented with fever, cough, and massive hemoptysis. Imaging evaluation demonstrated an EPF, associated lung abscess, and PA pseudoaneurysms. The presented case illustrates that embolization of PA pseudoaneurysms to prevent bleeding, and endoscopic esophageal covered stent graft placement to divert esophageal contents from the abscess, may facilitate a favorable outcome.

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