CosmoDC2: A Synthetic Sky Catalog for Dark Energy Science with LSST
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CosmoDC2: A Synthetic Sky Catalog for Dark Energy Science with LSST

  • Author(s): Korytov, Danila
  • Hearin, Andrew
  • Kovacs, Eve
  • Larsen, Patricia
  • Rangel, Esteban
  • Hollowed, Joseph
  • Benson, Andrew J
  • Heitmann, Katrin
  • Mao, Yao-Yuan
  • Bahmanyar, Anita
  • Chang, Chihway
  • Campbell, Duncan
  • Derose, Joseph
  • Finkel, Hal
  • Frontiere, Nicholas
  • Gawiser, Eric
  • Habib, Salman
  • Joachimi, Benjamin
  • Lanusse, François
  • Li, Nan
  • Mandelbaum, Rachel
  • Morrison, Christopher
  • Newman, Jeffrey A
  • Pope, Adrian
  • Rykoff, Eli
  • Simet, Melanie
  • To, Chun-Hao
  • Vikraman, Vinu
  • Wechsler, Risa H
  • White, Martin
  • et al.
Abstract

This paper introduces cosmoDC2, a large synthetic galaxy catalog designed to support precision dark energy science with the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST). CosmoDC2 is the starting point for the second data challenge (DC2) carried out by the LSST Dark Energy Science Collaboration (LSST DESC). The catalog is based on a trillion-particle, 4.225 Gpc^3 box cosmological N-body simulation, the `Outer Rim' run. It covers 440 deg^2 of sky area to a redshift of z=3 and is complete to a magnitude depth of 28 in the r-band. Each galaxy is characterized by a multitude of properties including stellar mass, morphology, spectral energy distributions, broadband filter magnitudes, host halo information and weak lensing shear. The size and complexity of cosmoDC2 requires an efficient catalog generation methodology; our approach is based on a new hybrid technique that combines data-driven empirical approaches with semi-analytic galaxy modeling. A wide range of observation-based validation tests has been implemented to ensure that cosmoDC2 enables the science goals of the planned LSST DESC DC2 analyses. This paper also represents the official release of the cosmoDC2 data set, including an efficient reader that facilitates interaction with the data.

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