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An opinion on the multiscale nature of Covid-19 type disease spread.


Recognizing the multiscale, interdisciplinary nature of the Covid-19 transmission dynamics, we discuss some recent developments concerning an attempt to construct a disease spread model from the flow physics of infectious droplets and aerosols and the frequency of contact between susceptible individuals with the infectious aerosol cloud. Such an approach begins with the exhalation event-specific, respiratory droplet size distribution (both airborne/aerosolized and ballistic droplets), followed by tracking its evolution in the exhaled air to estimate the probability of infection and the rate constants of the disease spread model. The basic formulations and structure of submodels, experiments involved to validate those submodels, are discussed. Finally, in the context of preventive measures, respiratory droplet-face mask interactions are described.

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