Routine Rapid HIV Screening in Six Community Health Centers Serving Populations at Risk
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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Routine Rapid HIV Screening in Six Community Health Centers Serving Populations at Risk

  • Author(s): Myers, Janet J.
  • Modica, Cheryl
  • Dufour, Mi-Suk Kang
  • Bernstein, Caryn
  • McNamara, Kathleen
  • et al.

In 2006, to increase opportunities for patients to become aware of their HIV status, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released updated guidelines for routine, opt-out HIV screening of adults, adolescents, and pregnant women in healthcare settings. To date, there are few documented applications of these recommendations. To measure the impact of application of the guidelines for routine screening in health centers serving communities disproportionately affected by HIV in the southeastern US. A multi-site program implementation study, describing patients tested and not tested and assessing changes in testing frequency before and after new guidelines were implemented. All patients aged 13 to 64 seen in participating health centers. Routine rapid HIV screening in accord with CDC guidelines. The frequency of testing before and after routine screening was in place and demographic differences in offering and receipt of testing. Compared to approximately 3,000 patients in the year prior to implementation, 16,148 patients were offered testing with 10,769 tested. Of 39 rapid tests resulting in preliminary positives, 17 were newly detected infections. Among these patients, 12 of 14 receiving referrals were linked to HIV care. Nineteen were false positives. Younger patients, African Americans and Latinos were more likely to receive testing. By integrating CDC-recommended guidelines and applying rapid test technology, health centers were able to provide new access to HIV testing. Variation across centers in offering and receiving tests may indicate that clinical training could enhance universal access.

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