MEMORY AS A TOOL TO NATIONAL RECONCILIATION IN THE POST 1994 GENOCIDE IN RWANDA
- Author(s): Mushuhukye, Benjamin
- Advisor(s): APTER, ANDREW
- et al.
The 1994 genocide in Rwanda claimed close to a million lives leaving behind thousands of
orphans, widows and a traumatized population. Families that once lived, worked, and prayed
together turned against each, using machettes, hoes, and sometimes guns. Places of worship
easily turned into slaughter houses and up to date, some churches and different places of worship
are genocide museums. Tutsi families were particularly targeted although Hutu-Tutsi
sympathizers were also killed. Rwanda’s challenge today is rebuilding the nation and reuniting
people once again. The government of Rwanda has focused on allowing Rwandese to tell their
stories of survival and of betrayal. Through testimony sharing, both perpetrators and victims
have re-united and have become neighbors again. This thesis therefore will attempt to discuss the
role of memory in uniting the once divided Rwandese.