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Dense-Stacking Porous Conjugated Polymer as Reactive-Type Host for High-Performance Lithium Sulfur Batteries.


Commercialization of the lithium-sulfur battery is hampered by bottlenecks like low sulfur loading, high cathode porosity, uncontrollable Li2 Sx deposition and sluggish kinetics of Li2 S activation. Herein, we developed a densely stacked redox-active hexaazatrinaphthylene (HATN) polymer with a surface area of 302 m2  g-1 and a very high bulk density of ca. 1.60 g cm-3 . Uniquely, HATN polymer has a similar redox potential window to S, which facilitates the binding of Li2 Sx and its transformation chemistry within the bulky polymer host, leading to fast Li2 S/S kinetics. The compact polymer/S electrode presents a high sulfur loading of ca. 15 mgs  cm-2 (200-μm thickness) with a low cathode porosity of 41 %. It delivers a high areal capacity of ca. 14 mAh cm-2 and good cycling stability (200 cycles) at electrolyte-sulfur (E/S) ratio of 5 μL mgs -1 . The assembled pouch cell delivers a cell-level high energy density of 303 Wh kg-1 and 392 Wh L-1 .

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