Synthesis of partially O-acetylated N-acetylneuraminic acid using regioselective silyl exchange technology.
- Author(s): Park, Simon S
- Gervay-Hague, Jacquelyn
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1021/ol502389g
Postglycosylation acetylation of sialic acid imparts unique roles to sialoglycoconjugates in mammalian immune response making structural and functional understanding of these analogues important. Five partially O-acetylated Neu5Ac analogues have been synthesized. Reaction of per-O-silylated Neu5Ac ester with AcOH and Ac2O in pyridine promotes regioselective silyl ether/acetate exchange in the following order: C4 (2°) > C9 (1°) > C8 (2°) > C2 (anomeric). Subsequent hydrogenolysis affords the corresponding sialic acid analogues as useful chemical biology tools.