Liquid-Like Interfaces Mediate Structural Phase Transitions in Lead Halide Perovskites
Skip to main content
eScholarship
Open Access Publications from the University of California

Liquid-Like Interfaces Mediate Structural Phase Transitions in Lead Halide Perovskites

  • Author(s): Bischak, Connor G
  • Lai, Minliang
  • Lu, Dylan
  • Fan, Zhaochuan
  • David, Philippe
  • Dong, Dengpan
  • Chen, Hong
  • Etman, Ahmed S
  • Lei, Teng
  • Sun, Junliang
  • Grünwald, Michael
  • Limmer, David T
  • Yang, Peidong
  • Ginsberg, Naomi S
  • et al.
Abstract

Microscopic pathways of structural phase transitions are difficult to probe because they occur over multiple, disparate time and length scales. Using $in$ $situ$ nanoscale cathodoluminescence microscopy, we visualize the thermally-driven transition to the perovskite phase in hundreds of non-perovskite phase nanowires, resolving the initial nanoscale nucleation and subsequent mesoscale growth and quantifying the activation energy for phase propagation. In combination with molecular dynamics computer simulations, we reveal that the transformation does not follow a simple martensitic mechanism, and proceeds via ion diffusion through a liquid-like interface between the two structures. While cations are disordered in this liquid-like region, the halide ions retain substantial spatial correlations. We find that the anisotropic crystal structure translates to faster nucleation of the perovskite phase at nanowire ends and faster growth along the long nanowire axis. These results represent a significant step towards manipulating structural phases at the nanoscale for designer materials properties.

Main Content
Current View