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High and low estimated glomerular filtration rates are associated with adverse outcomes in patients undergoing surgery for gastrointestinal malignancies.

  • Author(s): Ui, T
  • Obi, Y
  • Shimomura, A
  • Lefor, AK
  • Fazl Alizadeh, R
  • Said, H
  • Nguyen, NT
  • Stamos, MJ
  • Kalantar-Zadeh, K
  • Sata, N
  • Ichii, H
  • et al.
Abstract

Abnormally high estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFRs) are associated with endothelial dysfunction and frailty. Previous studies have shown that low eGFR is associated with increased morbidity, but few reports address high eGFR. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the association of high eGFR with surgical outcomes in patients undergoing surgery for gastrointestinal malignancies.We identified patients who underwent elective surgery for gastrointestinal malignancies from 2005 to 2015 in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database. We evaluated associations of eGFR with surgical outcomes by Cox or logistic models with restricted cubic spline functions, adjusting for case mix variables (i.e. age, gender, race and diabetes).The median eGFR is 83 (interquartile range 67-96) mL/min/1.73 m2. Thirty-day mortality was 1.9% (2555/136 896). There is a U-shaped relationship between eGFR and 30-day mortality. The adjusted hazard ratios (95% confidence intervals) for eGFRs of 30, 60, 105 and 120 mL/min/1.73 m2 (versus 90 mL/min/1.73 m2) are 1.73 (1.52-1.97), 1.00 (0.89-1.11), 1.42 (1.31-1.55) and 2.20 (1.79-2.70), respectively. Similar associations are shown for other surgical outcomes, including return to the operating room and postoperative pneumonia. Subgroup analyses show that eGFRs both higher and lower than the respective medians are consistently associated with a higher risk of adverse outcomes across age, gender and race.High and low eGFRs are associated with more adverse surgical outcomes in patients undergoing surgery for gastrointestinal malignancies. The eGFR associated with the lowest postoperative risk is approximately at the median eGFR of a given population.

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