Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
A Deployable LPWAN Platform for Low-Cost and Energy-Constrained IoT Applications.
- Author(s): Thoen, Bart
- Callebaut, Gilles
- Leenders, Guus
- Wielandt, Stijn
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.3390/s19030585
Many commercial platforms for fast prototyping have gained support for lpwan technologies. However, these solutions do not meet the low-cost and low-power requirements for a large-scale distribution of battery-powered sensor nodes. This paper presents the design, realization and validation of an open-source lpwan versatile platform. Energy and cost are considered key constraints for this hardware design. A power-efficient LoRa radio interface is implemented by hosting MAC functionality on the application microcontroller, eliminating the need for a modem. In the system architecture, power and cost savings are obtained by omitting and controlling lossy power circuitry. The resulting platform allows entry-level prototyping, while featuring an ultra-low sleep power of 25.2 μ W . This makes lpwan sensor applications accessible in domains that would otherwise require custom hardware development. The proposed design is validated by an illustrative but functional example of sensor nodes deployed in the field.