Skip to main content
Open Access Publications from the University of California

UC Santa Barbara

UC Santa Barbara Previously Published Works bannerUC Santa Barbara

Determining ferroelectric polarity at the nanoscale


Position averaged convergent beam electron diffraction PACBED in scanning transmission electron microscopy is shown to be capable of determining the direction of ferroelectric polarity at the nanoscale. We show that PACBED patterns of ferroelectric materials such as PbTiO3 and BaTiO3 are sensitive to both unit cell distortion and the absolute direction of polarity within the unit cell. It is shown that the polarity can be determined even in cases where real-space high-resolution transmission electron microscopy would not be capable of resolving the atomic displacements. The method is applied to determine the direction of polarization in an epitaxial BaTiO3 film.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
For improved accessibility of PDF content, download the file to your device.
Current View