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Leptospirosis-associated severe pulmonary hemorrhagic syndrome, Salvador, Brazil.

  • Author(s): Gouveia, Edilane L
  • Metcalfe, John
  • de Carvalho, Ana Luiza F
  • Aires, Talita SF
  • Villasboas-Bisneto, José Caetano
  • Queirroz, Adriano
  • Santos, Andréia C
  • Salgado, Kátia
  • Reis, Mitermayer G
  • Ko, Albert I
  • et al.

We report the emergence of leptospirosis-associated severe pulmonary hemorrhagic syndrome (SPHS) in slum communities in Salvador, Brazil. Although active surveillance did not identify SPHS before 2003, 47 cases were identified from 2003 through 2005; the case-fatality rate was 74%. By 2005, SPHS caused 55% of the deaths due to leptospirosis.

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