Leptospirosis-associated severe pulmonary hemorrhagic syndrome, Salvador, Brazil.
- Author(s): Gouveia, Edilane L
- Metcalfe, John
- de Carvalho, Ana Luiza F
- Aires, Talita SF
- Villasboas-Bisneto, José Caetano
- Queirroz, Adriano
- Santos, Andréia C
- Salgado, Kátia
- Reis, Mitermayer G
- Ko, Albert I
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.3201/eid1403.071064
We report the emergence of leptospirosis-associated severe pulmonary hemorrhagic syndrome (SPHS) in slum communities in Salvador, Brazil. Although active surveillance did not identify SPHS before 2003, 47 cases were identified from 2003 through 2005; the case-fatality rate was 74%. By 2005, SPHS caused 55% of the deaths due to leptospirosis.