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Long-term neurophysiologic outcome after neonatal extracorporeal membrane oxygenation


We examined clinical and neurophysiologic measures in 10 children 4 to 9 years after neonatal extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Electroencephalograms did not correlate with clinical or other neurophysiologic measures of interhemispheric asymmetry. By ultrasound imaging, the right internal carotid artery velocity was approximately 62% of that on the left, and right internal carotid flow was reduced by 74% (p less than or equal to 0.01), whereas an age-matched control group showed no differences. A decrease in the amplitude of the long-latency auditory and somatosensory evoked potentials was noted over the right hemisphere after left-sided stimulation compared with the left hemispheric potentials after right-sided stimulation (p less than or equal to 0.005). No significant differences in hemispheric symmetry were noted in the amplitudes for wave V of the auditory brain-stem response or in the P30 component of the middle-latency auditory evoked potentials. Likewise, latency measures of the evoked potentials were symmetric. We conclude that (1) neonatal extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is associated with long-lasting decreased right internal carotid blood flow with compensatory increased flow through the left carotid system and (2) there is a consistent reduction in the amplitude of right hemispheric long-latency evoked potentials. These latter findings may reflect redirected cerebral blood flow patterns after extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.

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