Skip to main content
Open Access Publications from the University of California


UCLA Previously Published Works bannerUCLA

Accelerated rejection, thrombosis, and graft failure with angiotensin II type 1 receptor antibodies.



Angiotensin II type 1 receptor antibodies (AT1R-Abs) have been implicated in renal transplant rejection and failure; however, the mechanism of allograft damage, patterns of clinical presentation, and response to desensitization of AT1R-Abs have not been clearly established.

Case diagnosis/treatment

We present the case of a 7-year-old boy with preformed AT1R-Abs who developed accelerated vascular and cellular rejection and renal allograft thrombosis despite desensitization and treatment with angiotensin receptor blockade. Although an association between AT1R-Abs and microvascular occlusion has been previously described, we are the first to describe an association between AT1R-Abs and renal artery thrombosis, leading to devastating early allograft failure.


This case highlights the risk of allograft thrombosis associated with AT1R-Abs and illustrates that previous treatments utilized for AT1R-Abs may not always be effective. Further studies are needed to better characterize the mechanisms of AT1R-Ab pathogenesis and to establish safe levels of AT1R-Abs both pre- and post-transplantation. Given the outcome of this patient and the evidence of pro-coagulatory effects of AT1R-Abs, we suggest that the presence of AT1R-Ab may be a risk factor for thrombosis. The role of treatment with anti-coagulation and novel immunomodulatory agents such as tocilizumab and bortezomib require further investigation.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
For improved accessibility of PDF content, download the file to your device.
Current View