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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Difference in the color stability of direct and indirect resin composites.

  • Author(s): Lee, Yong-Keun;
  • Yu, Bin;
  • Lim, Ho-Nam;
  • Lim, Jin Ik
  • et al.


Indirect resin composites are generally regarded to have better color stability than direct resin composites since they possess higher conversion degree.


The present study aimed at comparing the changes in color (ΔE) and color coordinates (ΔL, Δa and Δb) of one direct (Estelite Sigma: 16 shades) and 2 indirect resin composites (BelleGlass NG: 16 shades; Sinfony: 26 shades) after thermocycling.

Material and methods

Resins were packed into a mold and light cured; post-curing was performed on indirect resins. Changes in color and color coordinates of 1-mm-thick specimens were determined after 5,000 cycles of thermocycling on a spectrophotometer.


ΔE values were in the range of 0.3 to 1.2 units for direct resins, and 0.3 to 1.5 units for indirect resins, which were clinically acceptable (ΔE<3.3). Based on t-test, ΔE values were not significantly different by the type of resins (p>0.05), while ΔL, Δa and Δb values were significantly different by the type of resins (p<0.05). For indirect resins, ΔE values were influenced by the brand, shade group and shade designation based on three-way ANOVA (p<0.05).


Direct and indirect resin composites showed similar color stability after 5,000 cycles of thermocycling; however, their changes in the color coordinates were different.

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