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Hyaluronic acid nanoparticle-encapsulated microRNA-125b repolarizes tumor-associated macrophages in pancreatic cancer.


Aim: To investigate a novel strategy to target tumor-associated macrophages and reprogram them to an antitumor phenotype in pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Methods: M2 peptides were conjugated to HA-PEG/HA-PEI polymer to form self-assembled nanoparticles with miR-125b. The efficacy of HA-PEI/PEG-M2peptide nanoparticles in pancreatic tumors from LSL-KrasG12D/+, LSL-Trp53R172H/+, Pdx1-Cre genetically engineered mice was evaluated. Results:In vitro M2 macrophage-specific delivery of targeted nanoformulations was demonstrated. Intraperitoneal administration of M2-targeted nanoparticles showed preferential accumulation in the pancreas of KPC-PDAC mice and an above fourfold increase in the M1-to-M2 macrophage ratio compared with transfection with scrambled miR. Conclusion: M2-targeted HA-PEI/PEG nanoparticles with miR-125b can transfect tumor-associated macrophages in pancreatic tissues and may have implications for PDAC immunotherapy.

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