Skip to main content
eScholarship
Open Access Publications from the University of California

UC Irvine

UC Irvine Previously Published Works bannerUC Irvine

Toward a psychological theory of alienation

Published Web Location

https://doi.org/10.1037/h0076230Creative Commons 'BY' version 4.0 license
Abstract

Views the experience of alienation as a sequential-developmental process which (a) develops in the context of an ongoing relationship between an individual and another person or group of people, (b) involves an unexpected deterioration in the quality of outcomes provided to the individual by the other(s), and (c) persists to the extent that the individual and the other(s) remain spatially or psychologically proximal. On the basis of 2 variable components, personal-neutral thwarting and salience-nonsalience of alternatives, a typology of estrangement experiences is proposed which includes 4 behavioral syndromes: isolation, reintegration, subjugation, and rebellion. Though in each of these syndromes the individual's appraisal of the situation leads to at least temporary disillusionment, the induction of persisting cognitive changes as a result of one's exposure to personal thwarting by another is viewed to be the central and unique feature of the alienation experience. (51 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved). © 1975 American Psychological Association.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
Current View