Performance analysis of multi-antenna OFDM systems with phase noise and imperfect channel estimation
- Author(s): Jalloh, Mohamed
- et al.
The age of wireless technologies and the associated convenience that portable wireless products and services provide, continues to drive the need for more advanced products and broadband wireless services that demand carefully selected spectrally efficient modulation schemes to support the desired higher data rates. The development of multicarrier systems has paved the way to meeting the system requirements and fulfilling these needs. Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) is a multicarrier modulation technique that has provided effective means for achieving high data rates and spectral efficiency requirements in wireless communication systems, while making use of relatively simple receiver designs. In wireless communications, one of the major implementation challenges is system sensitivity to synchronization issues, which is even more pronounced in multicarrier systems such as OFDM. The use of OFDM with a high number of subcarriers, to achieve the high data rates it provides, makes it more susceptible to these non-idealities such as phase noise. Another critically limiting factor of system performance is the introduction of channel estimation errors as a consequence of imperfect channel estimation at the receiver. Accurate channel estimates are very essential in ensuring correct detection of the transmitted signal at the receiver. A thorough understanding of system operation therefore requires a detailed analysis of the effects of all the impairments. This dissertation addresses these system impairments by investigating the effects analytically on OFDM systems, deriving bit error rate (BER) expressions for systems that employ a single antenna at both the transmitter and receiver. The investigation is extended to also include OFDM systems that employ multi- antenna configurations at the receiver followed by a similar multi-antenna configuration at the transmitter. The impact of these negative effects is further investigated when applied to a practical system, comparing the analytical results with simulations that makes use of system parameters of the IEEE 802.16 standards