Cytotoxic effect caspase activation dependent of a genetically engineered fusion protein with a CD154 peptide mimetic (OmpC-CD154p) on B-NHL cell lines is mediated by the inhibition of bcl-6 and YY1 through MAPK p38 activation.
- Author(s): Pantoja-Escobar, Gerardo;
- Morales-Martínez, Mario;
- Vega, Gabriel G;
- Castro-Escarpulli, Graciela;
- Vega, Mario I
- et al.
The interaction between CD40, and its ligand, CD154, is essential for the development of humoral and cellular immune responses. The selective inhibition or activation of this pathway forms the basis for the development of new therapeutics against immunologically based diseases and malignancies. We are developing a gene fusion of Salmonella typhi OmpC protein expressing the CD154 Tyr140-Ser-149 amino acid strand. This OmpC-CD154 binds CD40 and activates B cells. In this study, we demonstrate that OmpC-CD154p treatment inhibits cell growth, proliferation and induced apoptosis in the B-NHL cell lines Raji and Ramos. The Bcl-2 family proteins were regulated and the Bcl-6 and YY1 oncoproteins were inhibited. p38 MAPK activation is an important mechanism underlying the effect on proliferation and apoptosis mediated by this fusion protein. This study establishes a basis for the possible use of fusion protein OmpC-CD154 as an alternative treatment for B-NHL.