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Open Access Publications from the University of California

A Case Report on Paget-Schroetter Syndrome Presenting as Acute Localized Rhabdomyolysis

  • Author(s): Lee, Jonathan B.;
  • Kurzweil, Ami;
  • Lahham, Shadi
  • et al.
Creative Commons 'BY' version 4.0 license

Introduction: The life- or limb-threatening differential diagnosis for upper extremity swelling can include deep vein thrombosis (DVT), infectious processes, and compartment syndrome. Chronic anatomic abnormalities such as axillary vein stenosis are rarely a consideration in the emergency department.

Case Report: We present a 26-year-old female with history of Chiari type 1 malformation who presented with acute left arm swelling. Initial workup, including point-of-care ultrasound, revealed the presence of significant soft tissue swelling without evidence of DVT.

Conclusion: Further workup revealed an early, localized rhabdomyolysis secondary to axillary vein stenosis or venous thoracic outlet syndrome, also known as Paget-Schroetter syndrome.

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