Kinetic Monte Carlo simulation of strained heteroepitaxial growth with intermixing
- Author(s): Baskaran, Arvind
- Devita, Jason
- Smereka, Peter
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s00161-009-0118-0
An efficient method for the simulation of strained heteroepitaxial growth with intermixing using kinetic Monte Carlo is presented. The model used is based on a solid-on-solid bond counting formulation in which elastic effects are incorporated using a ball and spring model. While idealized, this model nevertheless captures many aspects of heteroepitaxial growth, including nucleation, surface diffusion, and long-range effects due to elastic interaction. The algorithm combines a fast evaluation of the elastic displacement field with an efficient implementation of a rejection-reduced kinetic Monte Carlo based on using upper bounds for the rates. The former is achieved by using a multigrid method for global updates of the displacement field and an expanding box method for local updates. The simulations show the importance of intermixing on the growth of a strained film. Further, the method is used to simulate the growth of self-assembled stacked quantum dots.