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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Revisiting Bakke and Diversity-Based Admissions: Constitutional Law, Social Science Research, and the University of Michigan Affirmative Action Cases


The decisions of the United States Supreme Court in two major cases – Gratz v. Bollinger and Grutter v. Bollinger – are expected to have broad effects on the future of race-conscious affirmative action in the United States.

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