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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Registration requirements for non-toxic natural products as animal damage control agents


Plant extracts, animal glandular secretions and excretions, and natural food flavoring agents are common sources of natural products that can be used in animal damage control applications. Such products can be used either by themselves (e.g., coyote urine as a rodent repellent), or in combination with other control agents (e.g., food odor or flavor enhancer at baiting sites). The Environmental Protection Agency registration requirements are described for a variety of potential applications of natural products including bird and rodent repellents. In some applications, the product chemistry or other data requirements could make the registration process prohibitive due to the cost of chemical identification and quantification of compounds. Under a new Reduced Risk Pesticide Program, however, many data requirements for registration of natural products can be waived by EPA with the exception of some toxicology and efficacy studies.

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