The Cost of Helium Refrigerators and Coolers for Superconducting Devices as a Function of
Cooling at 4 K
This paper is an update of papers written in 1991 and in 1997 by Rod Byrns and this author concerning estimating the cost of refrigeration for superconducting magnets and cavities. The actual costs of helium refrigerators and coolers (escalated to 2007 dollars) are plotted and compared to a correlation function. A correlation function between cost and refrigeration at 4.5 K is given. The capital cost of larger refrigerators (greater than 10 W at 4.5 K) is plotted as a function of 4.5-K cooling. The cost of small coolers is plotted as a function of refrigeration available at 4.2 K. A correlation function for estimating efficiency (percent of Carnot) of both types of refrigerators is also given.