Patterns of Fatigue in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
- Author(s): Chyall, Lawrence Henry
- Advisor(s): Carrieri-Kohlman, Virginia
- et al.
Purpose:To describe the patterns of fatigue and the symptom/well being and physical/physiological correlates of fatigue over one year in patients with COPD.
Patients and Methods:Secondary analysis of data from a prospective, randomized, single-blind study to evaluate the effect of three different doses of supervised exercise in a dyspnea self -management program in patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (N = 103; age 66 ± 8, females 57; FEV1 44.8% ± 14% predicted).
Results:Mean fatigue was stable at the measurement times during the course of the study. Four patterns of fatigue were identified "stable" (n=29), "improving/stable" (n=28), "worsening/stable" (n=18) and "labile" (n=4). Fatigue was moderately correlated with dyspnea, depressive and anxious symptoms, and reduced quality of life. Fatigue was mildly correlated with reduced exercise performance.
Conclusions:Mean fatigue is not a sufficient measure of fatigue over time in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Subgroup analysis may be necessary to understand fatigue in this population.