Skip to main content
Open Access Publications from the University of California

UC Irvine

UC Irvine Previously Published Works bannerUC Irvine

Altered H3 histone acetylation impairs high-fidelity DNA repair to promote cerebellar degeneration in spinocerebellar ataxia type 7.


A common mechanism in inherited ataxia is a vulnerability of DNA damage. Spinocerebellar ataxia type 7 (SCA7) is a CAG-polyglutamine-repeat disorder characterized by cerebellar and retinal degeneration. Polyglutamine-expanded ataxin-7 protein incorporates into STAGA co-activator complex and interferes with transcription by altering histone acetylation. We performed chromatic immunoprecipitation sequencing ChIP-seq on cerebellum from SCA7 mice and observed increased H3K9-promoter acetylation in DNA repair genes, resulting in increased expression. After detecting increased DNA damage in SCA7 cells, mouse primary cerebellar neurons, and patient stem-cell-derived neurons, we documented reduced homology-directed repair (HDR) and single-strand annealing (SSA). To evaluate repair at endogenous DNA in native chromosome context, we modified linear amplification-mediated high-throughput genome-wide translocation sequencing and found that DNA translocations are less frequent in SCA7 models, consistent with decreased HDR and SSA. Altered DNA repair function in SCA7 may predispose the subject to excessive DNA damage, leading to neuron demise and highlights DNA repair as a therapy target.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
For improved accessibility of PDF content, download the file to your device.
Current View