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Prediction of histone post-translational modifications using deep learning



Histone post-translational modifications (PTMs) are involved in a variety of essential regulatory processes in the cell, including transcription control. Recent studies have shown that histone PTMs can be accurately predicted from the knowledge of transcription factor binding or DNase hypersensitivity data. Similarly, it has been shown that one can predict PTMs from the underlying DNA primary sequence.


In this study, we introduce a deep learning architecture called DeepPTM for predicting histone PTMs from transcription factor binding data and the primary DNA sequence. Extensive experimental results show that our deep learning model outperforms the prediction accuracy of the model proposed in Benveniste et al. (PNAS 2014) and DeepHistone (BMC Genomics 2019). The competitive advantage of our framework lies in the synergistic use of deep learning combined with an effective pre-processing step. Our classification framework has also enabled the discovery that the knowledge of a small subset of transcription factors (which are histone-PTM and cell-type-specific) can provide almost the same prediction accuracy that can be obtained using all the transcription factors data.

Availabilityand implementation

Supplementary information

Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.

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