Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
A new quench detection method for HTS magnets: stray-capacitance change monitoring
- Author(s): Shen, Tengming
- Martchevskii, Maxim
- Ravaioli, Emmanuele
- Davis, daniel
- Sabbi, GianLuca
- Verweij, Arjan
- ZHANG, Kai
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1088/1402-4896/ab4570/pdf
Abstract Fast quench detection is a key requirement for the successful implementation of superconducting magnet technology. In high temperature superconductor (HTS) magnets, this issue is especially challenging due to the low quench propagation velocity, and presently represents one of the main factors limiting their application. A new detection technique based on stray-capacitance monitoring is proposed. The capacitance between electrically-insulated magnet elements, such as magnet structure and end parts, is utilized as an indication of local heat deposition in the conductor. In fact, the relative permittivity of helium drops when it changes from the liquid to the gaseous phase. Thus, when heating occurs, part of the helium impregnating the insulation layers boils off, and the monitored stray-capacitance decreases. The proposed technique is successfully demonstrated on three small-scale Bi-2212 magnets manufactured at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Results from the detection of thermal runaways and spot-heater induced quenches are reported and discussed. Advantages and limitations of the stray-capacitance method with respect to conventional quench detection methods are assessed. Export citation and abstract BibTeX RIS CC BY As the Version of Record of this article is going to be/has been published on a gold open access basis under a CC BY 3.0 licence, this Accepted Manuscript is available for reuse under a CC BY 3.0 licence immediately. Although reasonable endeavours have been taken to obtain all necessary permissions from third parties to include their copyrighted content within this article, their full citation and copyright line may not be present in this Accepted Manuscript version. Before using any content from this article, please refer to the Version of Record on IOPscience once published for full citation and copyright details, as permission may be required. All third party content is fully copyright protected, and is not published on a gold open access basis under a CC BY licence, unless that is specifically stated in the figure caption in the Version of Record.