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Functional magnetic resonance imaging data for the association between polygenic risk scores for neuroticism and reward-punishment processing.


Neuroticism as a personality trait represents a heritable risk for psychiatric disorders. The polygenic risk score for neuroticism (N-PRS) is used to study genetic vulnerability to neuroticism. The current data present the association of the genetic risk for neuroticism to neural reward-punishment processing using functional magnetic resonance imaging. N-PRS was computed based on the individual's genotype information and a genome-wide association study on the UK Biobank data. While individuals performed a monetary incentive delay task, their neural activations for upcoming incentives (reward: gain, punishment: loss) were measured in blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) signals during the delay phase. Multivariate ANCOVAs were used to analyze BOLD signals for finding the association between N-PRS and reward-punishment processing by the incentive valence (Related research article: H. Park, K.L. Forthman, R. Kuplicki, T.A. Victor, Tulsa 1000 Investigators, H.W. Yeh, W.K. Thompson, M.P. Paulus, Polygenic risk for neuroticism modulates response to gains and losses in the amygdala and caudate: evidence from a clinical cohort. J. Affect. Disord. 293 (2021) 124-132. These data can be used as reference data for future studies examining the role of the genetic propensity for personality traits in the context of psychiatric disorders.

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