Skip to main content
Open Access Publications from the University of California


UC San Francisco Previously Published Works bannerUCSF

Normal prehospital electrocardiography is linked to long-term survival in patients presenting to the emergency department with symptoms of acute coronary syndrome



We studied 735 patients who activated "911" for chest pain and/or anginal equivalent symptoms and received 12-lead ECG monitoring with specialized ischemia monitoring software in the ambulance. Prehospital electrocardiograms (PH ECG) were analyzed to determine the proportion of patients who present with completely normal PH ECG findings (absence of ischemia/infarction, arrhythmia, or any other abnormality) and to compare outcomes among patients with and without any PH ECG abnormality.


Of 735 patients (mean age 70.5, 52.4% male), 68 (9.3%) patients had completely normal PH ECG findings. They experienced significantly less adverse hospital outcomes (12% vs 37%), length of stay (1.19 vs 3.86 days), and long-term mortality (9% vs 28%) than those with any PH ECG abnormality (p<.05).


Normal PH ECG findings are associated with better short and long-term outcomes in ambulance patients with ischemic symptoms. These findings may enhance early triage and risk stratification in emergency cardiac care.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
For improved accessibility of PDF content, download the file to your device.
Current View