Skip to main content
Open Access Publications from the University of California


UC San Francisco Previously Published Works bannerUCSF

Hypertension and low HDL cholesterol were associated with reduced kidney function across the age spectrum: a collaborative study



To determine if the associations among established risk factors and reduced kidney function vary by age.


We pooled cross-sectional data from 14,788 nondiabetics aged 40 to 100 years in 4 studies: Cardiovascular Health Study, Health, Aging, and Body Composition Study, Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, and Prevention of Renal and Vascular End-Stage Disease cohort.


Hypertension and low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol were associated with reduced cystatin C-based estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) across the age spectrum. In adjusted analyses, hypertension was associated with a 2.3 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.1, 4.4), 5.1 (95% CI, 4.1, 6.1), and 6.9 (95% CI, 3.0, 10.4) mL/min/1.73 m(2) lower eGFR in participants 40 to 59, 60 to 79, and at least 80 years, respectively (P for interaction < .001). The association of low HDL cholesterol with reduced kidney function was also greater in the older age groups: 4.9 (95% CI, 3.5, 6.3), 7.1 (95% CI, 6.0, 8.3), 8.9 (95% CI, 5.4, 11.9) mL/min/1.73 m(2) (P for interaction < .001). Smoking and obesity were associated with reduced kidney function in participants under 80 years. All estimates of the potential population impact of the risk factors were modest.


Hypertension, obesity, smoking, and low HDL cholesterol are modestly associated with reduced kidney function in nondiabetics. The associations of hypertension and HDL cholesterol with reduced kidney function seem to be stronger in older adults.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
For improved accessibility of PDF content, download the file to your device.
Current View