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MR Angiography of Renal Transplant Vasculature with Ferumoxytol: Comparison of High-Resolution Steady-State and First-Pass Acquisitions


Rationale and objectives

This work aimed to quantify the differences in signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and vessel sharpness between steady-state and first-pass magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) with ferumoxytol in renal transplant recipients.

Materials and methods

We performed a retrospective study of adult patients who underwent steady-state and first-pass MRA with ferumoxytol to evaluate renal transplant vasculature. SNR was calculated in the external iliac artery, and vessel sharpness was calculated in the external iliac and renal transplant arteries for both acquisitions. Data were compared using Student's t test.


Fifteen patients were included (mean age 56.9 years, 10 males). The mean SNR of the external iliac artery was 42.2 (SD, 11.9) for the first-pass MRA and 41.8 (SD, 9.7) for the steady-state MRA (p = 0.92). The mean vessel sharpness was significantly higher for the steady-state MRA compared to first-pass MRA for both external iliac (1.24 vs. 0.80 mm(-1), p < 0.01) and renal transplant arteries (1.26 vs. 0.79 mm(-1), p < 0.01).


Steady-state MRA using ferumoxytol improves vessel sharpness while maintaining equivalent SNR compared to conventional first-pass MRA in renal transplant patients.

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