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Auditory temporal processes in normal-hearing individuals and in patients with auditory neuropathy.

  • Author(s): Michalewski, Henry J;
  • Starr, Arnold;
  • Nguyen, Tin Toan;
  • Kong, Ying-Yee;
  • Zeng, Fan-Gang
  • et al.
Abstract

Objective

To study objectively auditory temporal processing in a group of normal hearing subjects and in a group of hearing-impaired individuals with auditory neuropathy (AN) using electrophysiological and psychoacoustic methods.

Methods

Scalp recorded evoked potentials were measured to brief silent intervals (gaps) varying between 2 and 50ms embedded in continuous noise. Latencies and amplitudes of N100 and P200 were measured and analyzed in two conditions: (1) active, when using a button in response to gaps; (2) passive, listening, but not responding.

Results

In normal subjects evoked potentials (N100/P200 components) were recorded in response to gaps as short as 5ms in both active and passive conditions. Gap evoked potentials in AN subjects appeared only with prolonged gap durations (10-50ms). There was a close association between gap detection thresholds measured psychoacoustically and electrophysiologically in both normals and in AN subjects.

Conclusions

Auditory cortical potentials can provide objective measures of auditory temporal processes.

Significance

The combination of electrophysiological and psychoacoustic methods converged to provide useful objective measures for studying auditory cortical temporal processing in normals and hearing-impaired individuals. The procedure used may also provide objective measures of temporal processing for evaluating special populations such as children who may not be able to provide subjective responses.

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