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Method of Calculating Renal Function Estimates Could Inappropriately Exclude Transgender Patients Receiving Gender-Affirming Hormone Therapy from Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Eligibility

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Purpose: Despite the importance of reliable renal function estimation among the growing transgender population, research describing the variability of existing equations is scarce. Study objectives were to (1) quantify the range of renal function estimates that would be observed if different gender coefficients are used in the estimating equations, (2) compare estimates of renal function (creatinine clearance [CLCR] or estimated glomerular filtration rate [GFR]) between users and nonusers of gender-affirming therapies, and (3) quantify the proportion of subjects who would be deemed ineligible for tenofovir disoproxil fumarate/emtricitabine (TDF/FTC) for pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) based on the gender coefficient used. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed among transgender PrEP users enrolled in a multicenter observational study between June 2017 and October 2021. The primary outcome was estimated kidney function, defined using calculated CLCR or GFR before initiating TDF/FTC for PrEP based on the three most commonly used estimating equations. Results: A total of 258 participants were evaluated. Median differences in renal function ranged from 13 to 25 mL/min based on which gender coefficient and equation was used. Regardless of the method used to compute renal function, there were significant differences between users and nonusers of gender-affirming therapy. There were 17 (6.6%) participants where at least one of the methods would potentially render them ineligible to receive TDF/FTC for PrEP. Conclusions: Renal function estimates vary considerably with different estimating equations in the transgender population and are modified by use of gender-affirming therapy. These variations could result in exclusion from drug therapies such as TDF/FTC for PrEP.

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